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Facts at a Glance

Facts at a Glance   
Country Name
Sri Lanka

இலங்கை ஜனநாயக சமத்துவ குடியரசு Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Size 65,525 sq km
Location An island off the south-eastern cost shores of India, 880 km north of the equator, in the Indian Ocean.

Capital Sri Jayawardenepura
Commercial Capital Colombo
Government Sri Lanka is a free, independent and sovereign nation with a population of 20,926,315 million (July 2007 est.). Legislative power is exercised by a Parliament, elected by universal franchise on proportional representation basis. A President, who is also elected by the people, exercises executive power inclusive of defence. Sri Lanka enjoys a multi party system, and the people vote to elect a new government every six years.
National Flag & Coat of Arms
National Flag of Sri Lanka is the Lion Flag. A Lion bearing a sword in its right hand is depicted in gold on red background with a yellow border. Four Bo leaves pointing inwards are at the four corners. Two vertical bands of green and orange at the left end represent the minority ethnic groups. It is an adaptation of the standard of the last King of Sri Lanka.

National Anthem
Sri Lanka Matha
English: National Anthem of Sri Lanka (Mother Sri Lanka)
National Anthem of Sri Lanka
Lyrics Ananda Samarakoon, 1940
Music Ananda Samarakoon, 1940
Adopted 1951
Sri Lanka Matha (Instrumental)
Sri Lanka Matha (Singing)
"Sri Lanka Matha" is the national anthem of Sri Lanka. The words and music were written by Ananda Samarakoon in 1940 in the Sinhala language, and was officially adopted as the national anthem on November 22, 1951 by a committee headed by Sir Edwin Wijeyeratne.

National Flower
The Blue Water Lily (Nymphaea stellata).
Currency of Sri Lanka The rupee (Sinhala: රුපියල , Tamil: ரூபாய்) is the currency of Sri Lanka, divided into 100 cents. The currency code is LKR. It is issued by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka and is generally written ₨ (though SL₨ may occasionally be used for disambiguation).
Sri Lankan rupee
ලංකා රුපියල (Sinhalese)
இலங்கை ரூபாய் (Tamil)

50-rupee note 5-rupee coin
ISO 4217 Code LKR
User(s) Sri Lanka
Inflation 13.7%
Source The World Factbook, 2006 est.
1/100 cents
Symbol Rs or ₨ (possibly also SLRs or SL₨)
Freq. used 25, 50 cents, Rs. 1, Rs. 2, Rs. 5
Rarely used 1, 2, 5, 10 cents
Banknotes Rs. 10, Rs. 20, Rs. 50, Rs. 100, Rs. 500, Rs. 1000, Rs. 2000[1]
Central bank Central Bank of Sri Lanka
Printer De la Rue Lanka Currency and Securities Print (Pvt) Ltd
Mint Royal Mint, United Kingdom
Population 20,926,315 million
Population Density 309 people per sq km
Life Expectancy at Birth 74 female, 64 male
Literacy rate 91.8%
Languages Sinhala, Tamil and English are widely spoken throughout Sri Lanka, with the exception of remote villages where it might be Sinhala only or Tamil only. .
Ethnic Groups Sinhalese- 74 per cent; Tamil- 18 per cent; Muslim -7 per cent; Burgher (descendants of Dutch and Portuguese colonist) and others- 1 per cent
Religions Buddhism- 70 per cent; Hinduism- 16 per cent; Christianity- 7 per cent; Islam-7 per cent
Climate Low Lands – tropical, average 27C
Central Hills – cooler, with temperatures dropping to 14C. The south-west monsoon brings rain to the western, southern and central regions from May to July, while the north-eastern monsoon is from December t0 January. Sri Lanka climate is ideal for holiday-makers throughout the year.
Annual per capita GNP US$870
Industries Processing of rubber, tea, coconuts, and other agricultural commodities; clothing, cement, petroleum refining, textiles, tobacco.
Agriculture - Products Rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses, oilseed, roots, spices, tea, rubber, coconuts; milk, eggs, hides, meat.
Currency Sri Lanka follows decimal currency system in Rupees (Rs.) and cents (Cts.) with 100 cents equal to a rupee. Currency notes are available in the denominations of Rs.10,20,50,100,200, 50, 1000 & 2000. Coins are issued in values of Cts. 25 and 50 and Rs.1,2,5 and 10. The intervention currency continuously will be the US Dollar.
Visa Residents from permitted countries are issued visas on arrival. Consult your local Sri Lanka embassy, consulate, tourist office or your travel agent.
Working Days Five working days (Monday to Friday)
Business Hours Government offices 9.00 am. -5.00 pm, Monday to Friday
Banks 9.00 am. to 1.00pm. or 3.00pm Monday to Saturday
Post Office 8.30am- 5.00pm
Monday to Friday
8.30am – 1.00pm on Saturday. The Central Mail Exchange, at D.R.Wijewardene Mawatha, Colombo 10, (Telephone : 2326203) is open 24-hours.